|Motihari At A Glance
Motihari, the district headquarter of East-Champaran, Bihar, India has its own place in the Indian History. It is the place from where Gandhijee, 揟he Father of Nation? had started his 揝atyagraha? a revolution against the British Rule for the Independence of India, by the means of non-violence and will for Truth, with the support of the people of Motihari.
The people of Motihari believe that the name 揗otihari?is given after the two names of its ancient kings ?揗oti Singh?and 揌ari Singh?
As history says, the origin of Motihari is its old district, Champaran. The word 揅hamparan?consists of two words. ?揷hampak?and 揳ranya? 揅hampak?means the flower 慍hampa?Mongolia)(yellow-colored, scented flower) and 揂ranya?means forest. So the word 揅hamparan?means the forest of Champa trees. This Champaran was so famous that it gave birth the famous Upanishad ?揃rihdaranyaka Upanishad??which is the longest among all Upanishads, by its eminent saints of its ancient time. In the year 1971, this Champaran district was divided into two small districts ?揈ast-Champaran?(揚urbi-Champaran? and 揥est-Champaran?(揚aschim-Champaran?. Motihari is the district headquarter of East-Champaran where as Bettiah is the district headquarter of West-Champaran.
Motihari, ultimately its district East-Champaran is bounded by Nepal and 5 states of Bihar, India. They are ?Nepal to its north, Muzaffarpur to its south, Bettiah and Gopalganj to its west whereas Sitamarhi to its east. The district East-Champaran consists of 6 sub-divisions, viz., Areraj, Chakiya, Motihari, Pakridayal, Raxaul and Sikarhana. Motihari sub-division also consists of 6 blocks, viz., Banjaria, Kotwa, Motihari, Piprakothi, Sugauli and Turkaulia.
Many rivers flow in its district. They are - Gandak, Sikarhana, Bagmati And Lal Bakeya, Tilawe, Kachna, Motia, Tiur and Dhanauti. Among those, the river 揋andak?is unique. It is also called 揘arayani?river. Normally round stones are found in this river. Some of its round stones have signs like eyes. Noramlly, people believe that these are the eyes of Hindu God 揤ishnu?or 揘arayan? These round stones are worshiped as 揝aligram? normally, in Hindu families.
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